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Acerca del libro
The special subject of the greater part of the letters and essays of Schiller contained in this volume is Aesthetics; and before passing to any remarks on his treatment of the subject it will be useful to offer a few observations on the nature of this topic, and on its treatment by the philosophical spirit of different ages.First, then, aesthetics has for its object the vast realm of the beautiful, and it may be most adequately defined as the philosophy of art or of the fine arts. To some the definition may seem arbitrary, as excluding the beautiful in nature; but it will cease to appear so if it is remarked that the beauty which is the work of art is higher than natural beauty, because it is the offspring of the mind. Moreover, if, in conformity with a certain school of modern philosophy, the mind be viewed as the true being, including all in itself, it must be admitted that beauty is only truly beautiful when it shares in the nature of mind, and is mind’s offspring.Viewed in this light, the beauty of nature is only a reflection of the beauty of the mind, only an imperfect beauty, which as to its essence is included in that of the mind. Nor has it ever entered into the mind of any thinker to develop the beautiful in natural objects, so as to convert it into a science and a system. The field of natural beauty is too uncertain and too fluctuating for this purpose. Moreover, the relation of beauty in nature and beauty in art forms a part of the science of aesthetics, and finds again its proper place.
Acerca de Friedrich Schiller
Friedrich Schiller was born on 10 November 1759. He was a qualified medical doctor, a published academic historian and a philosopher who especially considered the relationship between aesthetics, spirituality and morality. His plays include Don Carlos, the Wallenstein trilogy, Mary Stuart, and William Tell, though he also published poetry and prose. Rossini and Verdi wrote operas based on his work, though his ‘Ode to Joy’ (at least, as set by Beethoven) remains perhaps his most popular monument worldwide. He is one of the central figures in the period referred to as Weimar Classicism, along with his great mentor and close friend, Johann Wolfgang Goethe. Schiller died in 1805, and is now usually considered to be Germany’s most important playwright.
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